Archive | May, 2013

Was the Revolution necessary?

27 May

It becomes obvious to realize that before the Revolution of Cuba in the late 1950’s, the country was in disarray, and under a sea of corruption. But did the communist revolution led by Fidel Castro really do much good?

In my opinion, I think that after the Bautista government, the country needed a change with their government. They needed a new leader who would be honest, not greedy, and one that loved his country.

I think that many of the changes that were made at the time of the revolution were effective at the time. It allowed for Cuba to become a more efficient country, and improved the infrastructure, making it more stable.

This stability was necessary for a country that was in shambles before its revolution. However, I think that this revolution was not designed well for long-term effectiveness. In modern Cuba, many of the conditions that the people lived with before the revolution have now become problems once again. The Cuban government would benefit from a new type of government that can adapt to our modern world.

We are moving forward as a global community, and countries like Cuba are being left behind. Cuba needs another revolution.

The Bay of Pigs

22 May

The Bay of Pigs invasion was a military attempt by the United States to try and overthrow/assassinate the revolutionist communist leader, Fidel Castro. The Bay of Pigs invasion turned out to be unsuccessful, and in my opinion, it was one of the main reasons of modern animosity between the United States and Cuban governments.

The failed invasion of the Bay of Pigs strengthened the position of Castro’s administration, which proceeded to openly proclaim their intention to adopt socialism and strengthen ties with the Soviet Union. This led to the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1961.

Due to their close ties with Cuba, Soviet Union President Nikita Khruschev suggested that there should be nuclear missile weapons sent to Cuba to protect them from any more attacks from the United States. This got the U.S. very worried, and demanded that there should not be any offensive weapons sent to Cuba.

The Cuban Missile Crisis was but another event that tore apart the relationship between Cuba and the US, thus seriously having an impact on the Cuban economy and lifestyle.

Cuba Before the Revolution: Were they better off?

22 May

Before the rise of Communist leader Fidel Castro, the country of Cuba was a very different island. People were allowed to operate their own businesses, and flourish independently.

However, there were also many problems with the infratrustuure of the country. For example, 91% of homes did not have electricity. Another example would be how there was only 1 doctor per every 2000 people in rural areas. Finally, 44% of the people had never attended a school.

With all of these statistics being taken into consideration, it must also be known that Cuba was even more of a tourist destination than it is today. The island attracted many foreign and American tourists that brought good, clean money to the nations economy. In fact, Cuba was considered as the top gambling destinations in the world, as at the time Las Vegas was just developing.

Here are some other facts to consider when thinking about Cuba before its revolution:

  • 27% of urban children, not to speak of 61% of rural children, were not attending school.
  • Racial discrimination was widespread.
  • The public school system had deteriorated badly.
  • Corruption was endemic; anyone could be bought, from a Supreme Court judge to a cop.
  • Police brutality and torture were common.

Che, The Man

22 May

Ernesto “Che” Guevara was a Marxist revolutionary who helped Fidel with the initial revolution of Cuba. 

Born in Rosario, Argentina, on June 14, 1928, Ernesto R. Guevara de la Serna studied medicine before traveling around South America, observing conditions that spurred his Marxist beliefs. He aided Fidel in overturning the Cuban government and then worked in a political post.

Guevara first earned his medical degree at The University of Buenos Aries. It is obvious that Che was an extremely educated man, contrary to what many people may think. 

After meeting the Castro brothers in Mexico, Guevara became part of Fidel Castro’s efforts to overthrow the Batista government in Cuba. He served as a military advisor to Castro and led guerrilla troops in battles against Batista forces. When Castro took power in 1959, Guevara became in charge of La Cabana Fortress prison. It is estimated that between 156 and 550 people were executed on Guevara’s extra-judicial orders during that time. 

He was essential in shifting the countries relationships away from The United Sates and towards the Soviet Union. He was able to do this effectively when he became head of the Cuban National Bank. 

In the late 60’s, Che decided to bring the success of Cuba’s revolution to other countries, particularly Bolivia. Unfortunately, Che was captured and killed by the Bolivian military in 1967, as he only was accompanied by a small guerilla task force. 

Since his death, Che had been renowned for his commitment to the revolution and stands as an important political figure for the Cuban people. Image

 

The People of Cuba and Their Revolution

22 May

Prior to the revolution, Cuba was considered one of the wealthiest countries in the world, yet the people of this island lived in poverty. People became influenced by the persuasiveness of fidel at a time where the people of Cuba desperately needed somebody to lead them through these hard times.

At first, one of the main changes that was brought to the people of Cuba was with the economy. The effect of the embargo with the United States caused many small business owners to forfeit their businesses as most of them becameImage government owned and controlled.

An important thing about the changes brought to the Cuban people’s economy is the effect that it has had on them for the past 60 years. For many North Americans, it would be hard to imagine what it wold be like if we were unable to have ownership of our own business. This could have given the Cuban working people a sense of dissatisfaction When they came home from work every day.

Were the changes that were made to the Cuban economy really good for the people? Or old it be a scheme to cover up corruption and the governments greed?